Extreme Risk Protection laws

When individuals exhibit warning signs, police and family members need to have the power to take action. 

After the Parkland shooting, Majory Stoneman Douglas students discussed that the school shooter had exhibited clear warning signs. Details later came out that the FBI's Miami Division investigated the shooter after he made an online comment that said, "I am going to be a professional school shooter." It's been reported that over the past few years, the Broward County Sheriff's Office received as many as 20 calls about the shooter, but was not empowered to take further action.

An extreme risk protection law, also called an ERPO, would allow law enforcement and family to seek court permission to temporarily remove guns from a person in crisis.  These laws help keep guns out of the hands of individuals at risk of injuring themselves or others while their behavior is evaluated.

Below are bills that have been introduced in the House and Senate to help enact extreme risk laws.

S. 1212 The Gun Violence Restraining Order Act

Incentivizes states to enable law enforcement and family members to intervene when they suspect a person may use a firearm for violent purposes, including self-harm, to help bridge a gap in existing law in many states.

H.R. 2598 The Gun Violence Restraining Order (GVRO) Act of 2017

(Similar House companion bill of S. 1212)

S. 2521 Extreme Risk Protection Order Act of 2018

A federal “extreme risk protection order” (ERPO) that allows a family member or law enforcement to petition a federal magistrate or court to temporarily prevent a person in crisis from owning, purchasing, possessing, or receiving firearms or ammunition. This includes temporarily removing firearms and ammunition that are already in possession.